Tosa sumo wrestling

In Japan, this dog is called "Sumo Dog". Sumo fighters are Japanese wrestlers who "fight" in a very unusual style of wrestling that is over 1500 years old. The goal of sumo wrestling is to stay on one leg, regardless of rival’s attack, and not to allow the demolition to the floor or be pushed away from the ring.

Sumo wrestling is the basis of traditional Japanese dog. Accordingly, the Tosa is a "wrestling dog", whose fights are being held according to strict rules of sumo, accompanying rituals and processions. A dog that presses opponent with his body to the floor, hits him with legs and holds on to the floor, which is dominated by more than three minutes (or 5 minutes if the fight lasts longer than 15 minutes) is declared the winner. A dog that whines, barks or discharges other sounds will be declared the loser. The same goes for a dog that turns away from the opponent or returns three steps back when attacked. In any case, the battle ends after 30 minutes; a draw is proclaimed when no dog can prove his superiority over the other one. Despite the rumors that the goes without biting, bites are common during fight. These fights are not set to be cruel or bloody or deadly for any of the participant.

The greatest Tosa "wrestlers" receive the title of "Yokozuna" as famous sumo fighters. Tosa who have been successful in fighting gains valuable, beautifully decorated cloth and perfectly braided rope ("Keshomawashi"). Quick and easy victory is not necessarily required, nor is a savage fighter or smasher, but physically strong dog, courageous, skillful, patient and enduring.

In Japanese style, Tosa has to fight in silence, ruthlessly and without withdrawal. Through selective breeding, the Japanese have created a large, rotating and athletic dog, reluctant to bark, intelligent and fearless.

Like sumo wrestlers, dogs are ranked according to the number of points (see below). The greatest Tosa "wrestlers" receive the title of "Yokozuna" as famous sumo fighters.

Dogs are ranked according to the number of points within their weight classes. Ranges which include various weight in dog fights in Japan:

  • • Maegashira - Amateur fighter
  • • Komusubi - Professional fighter, 4 rounds
  • • Sekiwake - Fighter rising in the ranks
  • • Ozeki - Pro fighter, 10 rounds, a contender for the championship (Championship contender)
  • • Yokozuna - Champion
  • • Yushoken - Individual tournament champion

Honorary titles:

  • • Senshuken - National Japanese Grand champion: this prestigious title can be awarded only for the dog's life. Fighter must be ranked higher than Yokozuna and must be selected by judges
  • • Meiken Yokozuna - Warrior Grand Champion: fighter must have three fights as Senshuken, with at least two wins and a draw. This accounted for only 32 dogs from over 450 champions
  • • Gaifu Taisho - the best technique in the fight

Dogs "fighters" are divided into categories according to weight:

  • • Kogata, lightweight, 30 - 40 kg
  • • Chugata, middleweight, 40 - 45 kg
  • • Oogata, heavyweight, 45-55 kg
  • • Cho-oogata, heavyweight, from 55 kg onwards

In some regions, there is a category Musabetsu, over 65 kg and no limit.

Only males are engaged in fights. Females have never fought before.